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therefore, to the press will merely be a charge
for transmission; but the Post Office will
be relieved of the cost incurred by the
telegraph companies in the collection and
editing of news, which latter cost will fall
directly upon the press.

The system of remitting money by
telegraph will, it is expected, be extensively
cultivated by the Post Office. This system
is already used by the Electric and
International Company, but is confined to
eighteen of their principal stations. The
charges for money remittances and
retirement of bills, are, up to twenty pounds,
two shillings; one shilling for each ten
pounds, or part of ten pounds in addition.
The usual tariff for messages is charged
plus the foregoing sums. There is no limit
to the sums to be remitted, because
the larger the sum the greater the profit.

The mode of conducting the remittance
business seems to be this: the person
desirous of effecting a remittance, say from
Liverpool to London, attends at the
Liverpool telegraph office and addresses a
telegram to the secretary of the Electric and
International Telegraph Company in
London, specifying the sum about to be
remitted and instructing him where to pay
it. After defraying the ordinary message
charge and the commission, the remitter
hands over to the manager of the telegraph
office the amount of the remittance.

The amount of money remitted, varies
with the state of trade. When speculation
is rife, remittances are large and frequent.
In the absence of speculation, not much
remittance business is done. About one
hundred and fifty thousand pounds a year is the
average aggregate of the remittances. At
half per cent this represents seven
hundred and fifty pounds for commission
alone: to which must be added the
produce of the telegrams at ordinary rates.
This means of effecting remittances seems
to be resorted to, chiefly for the purpose of
"retiring" bills at the last possible moment.
The largest amount known to be remitted
in one sum, is eleven thousand pounds.

In Switzerland and Belgium, "money-
order telegrams" are in much use. A card
is filled up by the remitter, in the usual
manner, and on his handing it in, with the
amount of the order, he is supplied with a
form of "money order telegram." This he
fills up in the same way as the card, but
has to state the amount in words as well as
figures. Card and telegram are then handed
back to the postmaster, who compares them,
enters the amount in figures in a space
left for that purpose in the telegram, signs
it, and stamps it with his dated stamp.

If the remitter desire to add nothing to
this telegram, the post-office, on his paying
the price of it, calculated in the ordinary
way, dispatches it to the telegraph office;
but if the remitter wish to add anything to
the telegram, it is given back to him, and,
after adding to it his communication to the
payee, he takes it himself to the telegraph
office, and pays the price corresponding to
the length of the message. The telegraph
office which has to deliver the message at
its destination, makes out two copies: one
for the payee; the other for the post office.
The latter copy contains only the particulars
of the order, but not the private message.
On the payee presenting himself at
the post office with his telegram, he is at
once paid, and his receipt is taken on the
office copy of the telegram. (About eight
hundred money orders per month are sent
by telegram.) All money orders must be
paid within ten days of receipt at the
paying office. If the payee cannot be
found, if the order be addressed "poste
restante," and it should not have been
applied for, or if the payee cannot give
sufficient proof of his identity, the money-
order card is sent back to the office from
which it was received, and the amount is
returned to the remitter; who signs the
receipt on the back of the card, in the
place where the payee would have signed,
had the money been paid to him.

No decision has as yet, we believe, been
come to by the Post Office as to which
system it will adopt for the remittance of
money; but the authorities, we have no
doubt, will render the process as convenient
and as reasonable as possible.


All round our coasts, as the sun goes down,
twinkling lights break out on each headland,
and, as the twilight deepens and darkness grows
over the sea, their brilliancy increases until
they shine out from the blackness of night
with a "strange unearthly splendour in the
glare." The sailor, too, overtaken by the
night, finds here and there, starting as it were
out of the sea, friendly lights, which guide
him on his way, or warn him of treacherous
rocks or shoals. These pillars of light far
away from land, surrounded by a dark and
often angry sea, are glorious witnesses of our
civilisation; and they stand as monuments of
human skill and perseverance and of man's
triumph over the dangers and difficulties of
building firm and enduring structures upon
isolated rocks at sea.