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and the larger into an impression of the ball
of the foot. They are and were at a
convenient distance from each other for that
purpose ; and in order to render the likeness still
more exact and striking, toes have been added
by a border of plastering which encircles the
whole, and which, of course, from its shape,
suggests the idea of a foot at oncean idea
which I feel convinced any man of ordinary
powers would never think of associating with
the original two impressions in the rock.
The bordering of plaster, which suggests the
idea of a foot, is nominally put there only to
receive the cover during the time of pilgrimage.

What a scene was presented! How totally
unlike anything I had ever witnessed before!
Around the block of granite on which I stood,
the coolies and guide were doing obeisance,
worshipping after their fashion, with many a
drawling prayer. Had an observer witnessed
the scene from a distance, he might have
fancied they were worshipping me. On my
left, stood the little priestly bungalow of
wicker-work, and all around lay wild
mountains of the most irregular forms, sometimes
capped with clouds, sometimes bowing their
ancient heads to the skies. Away to the west
stretched the hills which I had passed on the
ascent, and beyond them the open plains of
the island, lost in the boundless sea. Above
was a heaven of the most intense blue, not a
cloud specking it or obstructing the gaze into
the vault of heaven. It was truly a gorgeous
scene, such as a man cannot often enjoy in his
short and restless life, and which I was long in
becoming sufficiently intimate with, to stamp
it firmly on my memory, as I wished to do.
A short distance from the summit, on the
eastern side, is a spring, which the guide
assured me was constantly flowing; it was
delicious water, and the coldness of it made it
doubly pleasant in a land where the thermometer
often stands between ninety and a
hundred degrees, and where ice had not, at the
time of which I write, been introduced. My
inspection of these various objects had
considerably sharpened my appetite, and I found,
on returning to the dwarf bungalow, that
Poonchy had not been idle since his devotions
had been concluded. There was a solitary
bottle of Allsopp's ale left, and with it I
drank the health of the unfortunate Lister,
whom I sincerely pitied, cooped up at
Pallabatula as he was, and of sundry other of my

In talking to the guide and coolies, I found
they looked upon the sacred impression as
too holy a thing for their sinful eyes to be set
upon. There were a few pice (a copper
coin of very small value) in the cavity
for oblations when we ascended, and, poor as
my followers were, working like horses for
sixpence a-day, and out of that supplying
themselves with food, they increased the number
before we came down.

As evening closed in, the cold very much
increased; fortunately there was a good
supply of firewood, and we succeeded in
keeping up a very bright and pleasant fire. I
had a volume of Ossian in my pocket, a work
of which I was then very fond, and as the wind
rose, there was something about our position
that rendered the perusal of it doubly pleasant.
But I could not long retain gravity enough to
read Ossian. The coolies were crouched round
the fire opposite me, seated on their heels, in
ordinary Cinghalese fashiontheir elbows on
their knees, and their hands opened to the
cheerful blaze. They began to discover,
however, apparently, that the fire did not equally
warm them ; and, in order to equalise its grateful
effects, they moved round, slowly but
regularly ; roasting themselves to sleepfor
we slept that night up on the Peak, and came
down after sunrise on the morrow.



In several of our towns, Penny Banks are
now established, and as their principle is
very simple, and their operation very wholesome,
a few details as to the method of their
management, may prompt some of our friends
to assist in their establishment in other places
where they may be thought desirable.

The object of a Penny Bank is to assist
the youthful portion of the working classes
those who for the first time are beginning to
receive wages for their labourin the formation
of careful and prudent habits. The few
pence or the odd shillings, when they bring
an unaccustomed feeling to the pocket, bring
with them temptations to spend; while public-
houses and other places tempt to waste, and
at the same time lay the foundation of many
evil habits. In the Penny Bank, from a
penny upwards, halfpence, sixpences, or
shillings, may be stored by the young people at
will; and as fast as the store of each depositor
accumulates to the amount of seventeen
shillings, it is transferred to the local savings
bank, in the name of its owner, and bears

We believe we are right in stating that the
first Penny Bank was established at Greenock,
on the Clyde; but that which called any large
share of attention to the subject, was
established at Huddersfield in connexion with the
Mechanics' Institute of that town. A letter
addressed by Mr. Charles W. Sikes of the
Huddersfield Banking Company to the President
of the Yorkshire Union of Mechanics'
Institutes, first called attention to the subject;
and on the 8th of July, 1850, the " Huddersfield
Preliminary Savings Bank " was started
with a deposit of three pounds and sevenpence
from fifty-seven persons. From the 8th of
July 1850, to the 1st of December 1851, there
have been in this bank six thousand nine
hundred and sixteen deposits, averaging one
shilling and fivepence each, making a total