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                                                                      Fr. per An.

Cavalry captain, first class . .                         2,500

      " " second class . .                                  2,300

Staff, Artillery, or Genie captain, first class    2,800

" "  second class                                           2,400

Infantry lieutenant, first class . .                     1,600

" "  second class . .                                       1,450

Cavalry lieutenant, first class . .                     1,800

" "  second class .  .                                      1,600

Staff lieutenant . .                                          1,800

Artillery lieutenant, first class . .                     2,050

  " "  second class                                         1,850

G√©nie lieutenant, first class  .  .                     1,850

  " "  second class . .                                    1,650

Infantry sub-lieutenant .  .                             1,350

Cavalry sub-lieutenant .  .                             1,500

                                                            s.  d.

An adjutant receives .                         1   3 per day

A sergeant-major . .                            1   0

A sergeant . .                                      0  7 1/2

A fourrier, or sergeant-fourrier           0  6 1/2

A corporal . .                                       0  5 1/2|

A private . . .                                       0   3 1/2|

When troops are garrisoned in Paris, their
pay is increased. General officers receive one-
fifth more; captains, one-fourth; lieutenants,
down to the privates, one-third. In war
time, an increase is allowed, according to the
localities where the army is acting; and
besides that increase, other allowances are
made. In times of peace, lodging indemnities
are allowed upon the following scale. A
field-marshal, six thousand francs a-year; a
lieutenant-general, two thousand; a brigade-
general, twelve hundred; a colonel, one
thousand; lieutenant-colonel, eight hundred;
major, seven hundred; captain, three hundred
and sixty; and lieutenants, two hundred
and forty; all which sums are increased in
Paris by one-half more.

The pensions of the various grades run as

                                          Minimum for                  Maximum for

                                          30 years active            50 years active

                                          service.                         service.

Lieutenant-general            4,000fr.                         6,000fr.

Brigade-general                3,000                            4,000

Colonel . .                         2,400                             3,000

Lieutenant-colonel .  .       1,800                           2,400

Major . .                             1,500                            2,000

Captain . .                        1,200                             1,600

Lieutenant .                        800                             1,200

Sub-lieutenant .                600                               1,000

These different sums are still increased by
the allowances made for field-services. Each
campaign is paid for. While in active service,
there is also an allowance made to
the following officers for representation

Lieutenant-general commander-in-chief .          9,000fr.

Lieutenant-general commanding a division .      7,000

Lieutenant-general presiding over a military

committee . . . .                                                   5,000

A brigade-general commanding a subdivision    2,500
A general commanding a brigade . .                   2,000

A general commanding a military school .          4,000
A colonel of a regiment . . .                                2,400

A colonel commanding a town . .                        2,000

When militaires are obliged to travel separately,
they are allowed the following sums
per day, or per 6tape, exclusive of their
regular current pay:—

A colonel or lieutenant-colonel .           5fr. 0 centimes

A major . . . .                                         4    0

A captain . . ..                                        3   0

A lieutenant or ensign . .                        2  50

An adjutant . .                                        1 50

A sergeant-major, or sergeant .             1 25

A corporal, a drummer, or private .        1  0

But no fixed allowance is made to field-
marshals, or general officers, whose travelling
expenses are made up to them by the
Secre-tary-at-War from a fund, ad hoc, called
Caisse des Missions.

The soldier's allowance per day is one
pound and a-half of good bread, one ounce
of rice, two ounces of vegetables, half an
ounce of salt, half a pound of fresh meat,
half a pound of salt beef) and a quarter of
a pound of pickled pork. The officers mess
at some hotel or innthe lieutenants and
captains together, and the majors, colonels, &c.,
together at most reasonable prices, varying
from fifty to seventy-five francs a-head per
month, for two substantial meals a-day. The
soldiers mess together by squads of five; and
when not on duty, eat out of one common
dish. All deductions paid, the French private
soldier has one halfpenny per day
remaining, which he receives from the cash-
corporal every five days: that is, twopence
halfpenny at a time. Yet this small sum
contents them; and they now and then
afford themselves the luxury of a bottle of
wine at the canteen, or outside the barriers
of their garrison towns, when they are
quartered in a wine country, where that
article of consumption may be had for about
one penny the imperial quart.


IT was on my way from Venice to the
siege of Sebastopol. My ticket from Trieste
to Constantinople allowed me four months on
the way. The steamer called at Molfetta, a
little port of Apulia on the Adriatic, where I
left my luggage in bond, and stepped across
the ancle of Italy to Naples, with a bundle in
a yellow pocket-handkerchief slung over my
shoulder on a stout stick. I was dressed like
a Neapolitan lout, and spoke the dialect. I
went by the great road, sometimes trudging
in the sun and dust, sometimes getting a lift
on the casks of a wine-cart, or the foot-board
of a corricolo. In short, by hook or by crook,
I got to Naples. But in the line of the high
road the crook principle so much predominated
(making a huge angle at Foggia) that
on my return I resolved to relinquish the
circuitous accommodations of the high road,
and cut straight across the country on my
own hook. I struck inland at Salerno.
Night fell before I was half-way to Eboli,
and I slept in the manger of a roadside
albergo. At dawn I resumed my journey
fraternised with some waggoners who overtook