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Authors Charles Dickens
W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genre Prose: Report i
Subjects Communication; Telegraph; Postal Service
Great Britain—Social Life and Customs
Literature; Writing; Authorship; Reading; Books; Poetry; Storytelling; Letter Writing
London (England)—Description and Travel
Money; Finance; Banking; Investments; Taxation; Insurance; Debt; Inheritance and Succession
Newspapers; Periodicals; Journalism
Work; Work and Family; Occupations; Professions; Wages
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Dickens probably wrote the following portions of 'Valentine's Day at the Post-Office': from 'Here huge slits' to 'paid letters' (p. 6); from 'Having been led' to ''inside out'' (p. 7); from 'consisting of hearts' to 'tender verses' (p. 8) ; from 'It was then just' to 'stars right in their spheres?' (p. 9); from 'As to the rooms' (p. 9) to 'the following observations:-' (p. 10); from 'While this amusement' to 'living being visible' (p. 11).
Dickens may also have rewritten or added to the following passages: from 'The mysterious visitors' to 'Sundays excepted!' (p. 7); from 'While one of the visitors' to 'through the office' (p. 7).
In addition, Dickens seems to have added touches to sections primarily by Wills.
In 1860 Wills published under his name a collection of pieces entitled Old Leaves; Gathered from Household Words. This work, now virtually unobtainable, contained thirty-seven pieces collected from Household Words: twenty-two by Wills, and fifteen by Dickens and Wills (including, in the latter category, 'Valentine's Day at the Post-Office'). Wills was not attempting to take credit for Dickens' work. He freely acknowledged Dickens' share in the book, but - very likely on Dickens' orders - did not mention Dickens' name. Instead he dedicated the volume to 'THE OTHER HAND, whose masterly touches gave to the OLD LEAVES here freshly gathered, their brightest tints,' and he marked all the collaborative articles with a printer's hand, indicating that 'portions of the papers distinguished throughout the volume by this mark are by another hand' (in every case the label agrees with the designation in the Contributors' Book). He also changed the text. He reprinted some of the pieces, such as 'Valentine's Day at the Post-Office,' virtually unchanged, but he peppered most of the articles with hundreds of minor emendations. In collaborative pieces, his usual practice seems to have been to emend his own sections very freely, Dickens' reworkings less freely, and Dickens' solo portions - with a few trivial and explainable exceptions - not at all. In certain instances, also, he reparagraphed passages in order to separate Dickens' work from his own. As a consequence, Wills' emendations often provide strong additional evidence for establishing Dickens' share in their joint articles. Such evidence has been used throughout [Stone's edition] to help make the Dickens-Wills attributions.
Concerning one segment of Wills' portion of this article, Dickens wrote (12 March 1850): 'My objection to entering into the Sunday [delivery of mail] business is, that whatever we state, is sure to be contradicted; and I observed Rowland Hill to be a very cautious and reserved man, whom I should strongly doubt as to his backing qualities in such a case. If the passage stand at all, I should wish it to stand as I have altered it. But I should be glad if you would show it to Forster, as a casting opinion. We will abide by his black or white ball.' The ball apparently was black, for the passage does not appear in the published version. Concerning another segment of Wills' portion of this article, Dickens wrote (28 February 1850): 'I think the addresses I enclose in this, the best. I would certainly give all these in the article. If you have a fac-simile of any, I recommend Valparaiso'. Dickens' suggestions illustrate how he supervised what his collaborators wrote. Through such suggestions, and through many similar devices, he shaped and controlled what he assigned to others.
'Valentine's Day at the Post-Office,' which appeared in the inaugural issue of Household Words, was the prototype of many similar articles. Dickens called such pieces 'process' articles. He wrote some process articles himself and collaborated on many others.

Harry Stone; © Bloomington and Indiana University Press, 1968. DJO gratefully acknowledges permission to reproduce this material.

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Authors George Hogarth
W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genres Cross-genre i
Prose: History i
Prose: Report i
Subjects Civilization—Ancient
Civilization—Classical
Death; Grief; Mourning; Mourning Customs in Literature; Funeral Rites and Ceremonies; Life Cycle, Human; Old Age; Mortality
Public Health; Sanitation; Water
Religion; Religion and Culture
Religion—Christianity—Catholic Church
Religion—Christianity—General
Religion—Islam
Religion—Judaism
World—History
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Author W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genres Cross-genre i
Prose: Report i
Prose: Short Fiction i
Subjects Engineering;
Great Britain—Politics and Government
Great Britain—Social Conditions—Nineteenth Century
Health; Diseases; Personal Injuries; Hygiene; Cleanliness—Fiction
Life Sciences (Physiology / Biology / Immunology / Medicine / Pharmacology / Anatomy / Ecology)
London (England)—Description and Travel
Money; Finance; Banking; Investments; Taxation; Insurance; Debt; Inheritance and Succession
Public Health; Sanitation; Water
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Authors William Weir
W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genre Prose: Essay i
Subjects Engineering;
Latin America—Description and Travel
Race; Racism; Ethnicity; Anthropology; Ethnography
Ships; Boats; Shipwrecks; Salvage; Merchant Marine; Sailors; Sailing; Submarines (Ships)
Transportation; Horse-Drawn Vehicles; Cab and Omnibus Service; Ballooning
Travel; Tourism; Hotels; Resorts; Seaside Resorts—Fiction; Passports;
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Author W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genre Prose: Digest; Review i
Subjects Education—Europe; Universities and Colleges; Schools
Education—Great Britain; Universities and Colleges; Schools
Europe—Social Conditions
Great Britain—Social Conditions—Nineteenth Century
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In large part from Joseph Kay's The Social Condition and Education of the People in England and Europe (1850).

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Author W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genre Prose: Short Fiction i
Subjects Great Britain—Armed Forces; Militias
Great Britain—Social Conditions—Nineteenth Century
Supernatural; Superstition; Spiritualism; Clairvoyance; Mesmerism; Ghosts; Fairies; Witches; Magic; Occultism
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Baptismal Rituals

27/4/1850

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Author W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genre Prose: History i
Subjects Europe—History
Great Britain—History
Religion; Religion and Culture
Religion—Christianity—Catholic Church
Religion—Christianity—Church of England
Religion—Christianity—General
Attachments: 0 · Links: 0 · Hits: 619

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Author W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genre Prose: Report i
Subjects Crime; Criminals; Punishment; Capital Punishment; Prisons; Penal Transportation; Penal Colonies
Death; Grief; Mourning; Mourning Customs in Literature; Funeral Rites and Ceremonies; Life Cycle, Human; Old Age; Mortality
Family Life; Families; Domestic Relations; Sibling Relations; Kinship; Home;
Great Britain—Social Conditions—Nineteenth Century
Health; Diseases; Personal Injuries; Hygiene; Cleanliness—Fiction
Law; Lawyers; Justice; Courts; Trials
London (England)—Description and Travel
Poverty; Poor Laws—Great Britain; Workhouses—Great Britain
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Authors Charles Dickens
W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genres Prose: Leading Article i
Prose: Short Fiction i
Subjects Agriculture; Fishing; Forestry; Gardening; Horticulture
Great Britain—Commerce
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Dickens probably wrote the following section of 'The Heart of Mid-London': from 'Obdurate heads' (p. 122) to 'blasphemous Nightmare' (p. 123).
Dickens may also have written portions of the following passages: the opening paragraph; from 'Mr. Bovington was about to hazard a remark' (p. 125) to the conclusion.
In addition, Dickens seems to have added many touches to sections primarily by Wills. For a discussion of the Dickens-Wills attributions, see note to 'Valentine's Day at the Post-Office.'
In 1850 there was much agitation against the terrible conditions at London's Smithfield Cattle Market, and the following article was a part of the campaign to effect reform. There were other similar articles. In the 29 June 1850 issue of Household Words, for example, Dickens ran (he probably also commissioned and titled) R. H. Horne's 'The Cattle-Road to Ruin' – another article with a punning, 'literary' title. The livestock market was finally removed from Smithfield in 1855.
'The Heart of Mid-London,' like many of Dickens' collaborative or, as he termed them, 'composite' articles, was planned in advance and based, in part, upon a visit. On 12 March 1850 Dickens wrote to Wills from Brighton: 'I shall be back [in London], please God, by dinner-time to-morrow week [Wednesday, 20 March]. I will be ready for Smithfield either on the following Monday morning at four, or on any other morning you may arrange for.'

Harry Stone; © Bloomington and Indiana University Press, 1968. DJO gratefully acknowledges permission to reproduce this material.

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Author W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genre Prose: Essay i
Subject Food; Cooking; Gastronomy; Alcohol; Bars (Drinking Establishments); Restaurants; Dinners and Dining
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Authors George Hogarth
W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genre Prose: Report i
Subjects Education—Great Britain; Universities and Colleges; Schools
London (England)—Description and Travel
Music; Musical Instruments; Songs; Singing; Opera
Social classes; Class distinctions; Aristocracy (Social Class); Aristocracy (Social Class)—Fiction; Middle Class; Working Class; Servants;
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Authors William Weir
W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genre Prose: Essay i
Subjects Africa—Politics and Government
Communication; Telegraph; Postal Service
Engineering;
Great Britain—Commerce
Mediterranean Region—Description and Travel
Ships; Boats; Shipwrecks; Salvage; Merchant Marine; Sailors; Sailing; Submarines (Ships)
Travel; Tourism; Hotels; Resorts; Seaside Resorts—Fiction; Passports;
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Law at a Low Price

18/5/1850

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Authors William Taylor Haly
W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genre Prose: Report i
Subject Law; Lawyers; Justice; Courts; Trials
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Authors Charles Dickens
W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genres Prose: Leading Article i
Prose: Report i
Subjects Great Britain—Commerce
Great Britain—Social Conditions—Nineteenth Century
London (England)—Description and Travel
Attachments: 0 · Links: 0 · Hits: 680

Dickens probably wrote the following section of 'A Popular Delusion': from 'The proprietor of the handsome donkey' (p. 220) to the conclusion.
Dickens may also have rewritten portions of the following passages: from the opening to 'immemorial as BILLINGSGATE' (p. 217); from 'Nothing can exceed' (p. 218) to 'that 'ere markit?' (p. 219).
In addition, Dickens seems to have added touches to passages primarily by Wills (for example, to the paragraph beginning 'When we arrived,' p. 217).
For a discussion of the Dickens-Wills attributions, see note to 'Valentine's Day at the Post-Office.'

Harry Stone; © Bloomington and Indiana University Press, 1968. DJO gratefully acknowledges permission to reproduce this material.

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Author W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genre Prose: Essay i
Subject Newspapers; Periodicals; Journalism
Attachments: 0 · Links: 0 · Hits: 541

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Author W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genre Prose: Report i
Subjects Crime; Criminals; Punishment; Capital Punishment; Prisons; Penal Transportation; Penal Colonies
Education—Great Britain; Universities and Colleges; Schools
Great Britain—Politics and Government
Great Britain—Social Conditions—Nineteenth Century
Law; Lawyers; Justice; Courts; Trials
London (England)—Description and Travel
Public Health; Sanitation; Water
Social classes; Class distinctions; Aristocracy (Social Class); Aristocracy (Social Class)—Fiction; Middle Class; Working Class; Servants;
Attachments: 0 · Links: 0 · Hits: 602

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Young Russia

8/6/1850

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Author W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genres Cross-genre i
Prose: Digest; Review i
Prose: Essay i
Subjects Progress; Memory; Commemoration; Nostaliga; Time—Social Aspects; Time—Psychological Aspects; Time perception;
Russia—Description and Travel
Russia—Politics and Government
Russia—Social Life and Customs
Travel; Tourism; Hotels; Resorts; Seaside Resorts—Fiction; Passports;
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Vladimir A. Sollogub, The Tarantas, 1850.

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Authors William Taylor Haly
W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genre Prose: Essay i
Subject Money; Finance; Banking; Investments; Taxation; Insurance; Debt; Inheritance and Succession
Attachments: 0 · Links: 0 · Hits: 588

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Author W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genre Prose: Digest; Review i
Subjects Great Britain—History
Newspapers; Periodicals; Journalism
Attachments: 0 · Links: 0 · Hits: 604

In part from F.K. Hunt, The Fourth Estate (1850).

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Authors William Taylor Haly
W[illiam] H[enry] Wills
Genres Cross-genre i
Prose: Digest; Review i
Prose: Sketch i
Subjects Great Britain—Politics and Government
Public Health; Sanitation; Water
Attachments: 0 · Links: 0 · Hits: 567

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