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William Sweetland Dallas

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Published : 1 Article
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Dallas, William Sweetland I Dallas I, 1824-1890, writer on natural history. Born in London. Clerk in commercial house in the City. Largely self taught in natural history. For some ten years, occupied in preparing lists of insects for British Museum. Thereafter curator of museum of Yorkshire Philosophical Society, 1858-68; from 1868, assistant secretary to Geological Society of London. F.L.S., F.G.S. Contributed to Philosophical Magazine, Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Westm. Rev. Edited Popular Science Review, 1877-81. Translated scientific and other works from the German and the Swedish, Author of A Natural History of the Animal Kingdom, 1856 (first published as part of Orr's Circle of the Sciences); Elements of Entomology,1857.

      Dallas's H.W. article (["Chip: Tittlebat Tactics VI, 260-61, Nov. 27, 1852] on sticklebacks) is based in part on Albany Hancock's "Observations on the Nidification of Gasterosteus aculeatus and Gasterosteus spinachia," Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Oct. 1852, which describes the activities of the fish as Hancock had observed them in a glass trough. In the discussion of sticklebacks in his Natural History of the Animal Kingdom, Dallas again referred to Hancock's article. One of Dallas's additions to Jane Loudon's Entertaining Naturalist, of which he brought out a revised and enlarged edition in 1867, was the section "The Stickleback," The same facts, of course, appear in each of Dallas's discussions, though the H.W. article describes nidification in greater detail than do the other two.

Author: Anne Lohrli; © University of Toronto Press, 1971. 

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