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Surgeon. Studied at London Hospital. M.R.C.S. 1851; L.S.A. 1852; F.R.C.S. 1864. Staff surgeon in Turkey during Crimean War. Became authority on ophthalmology. Ophthalmic surgeon to St. George's and other hospitals. Held also other important professional appointments. Hunterian professor, 1876-1877; president of Medical Society of London, 1886. While in Turkey, wrote articles for Lancet and the Times; was later on staff of both publications. As writer for the Times, placed before the public the views of medical profession on subjects of the day. Wrote for professional journals; also occasionally for general periodicals; two articles in Contemporary Review, one in Cornhill. Author of On the Pathology and Treatment of Hysteria, 1853, and works on ophthalmology. His Students' Manual on ophthalmology was most widely used text of the time on that subject.

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Richard Cattermole

N/A — 6/12/1858

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Divine, miscellaneous writer; brother of George Cattermole, the artist. For many years secretary to Royal Society of Literature. In 1825 became connected with Church of St. Matthew, Brixton, Surrey. Vicar of Little Marlow, Buckinghamshire, 1848-1858. Died in Boulogne. Author of Becket, an Historical Tragedy ... and Other Poems, 1832; The Book of the Cartoons [of Raphael], 1837; The Great Civil War of Charles I and the Parliament, with engravings from drawings by George Cattermole, 1841; The Literature of the Church of England Indicated in Selections from the Writings of Eminent Divines, 1844. Also published sermons. Was one of editors of Sacred Classics, or Select Library of Divinity, 1834-1836.

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George John Cayley

26/1/1826 — 11/10/1878

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Barrister, writer; son of Edward Stillingfleet Cayley, M.P. Student at Eton; admitted pensioner, Trinity College, Cambridge, 1845; awarded Chancellor's Medal (English), 1848; did not take degree. Admitted at Inner Temple, 1848; called to the bar, 1852. Travelled and lived in foreign countries, often adopting native dress. Newspaper correspondent in the Crimea during the War. Took some part in politics. Friend of Thackeray and his daughters. Contributed occasionally to periodicals. Author of Las Alforjas, 1853 (first published as "The Saddlebags; or, The Bridle Roads of Spain" in Bentley's Miscellany), and some miscellaneous writings in prose and verse.

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J Chester

N/A — N/A

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Not identified. Payment for the writer's first contribution made in cash. One contemporary Chester with "J" as one of his initials was the Rev. Greville John Chester, who published a volume of poems in 1856 and one in 1883. The H.W. poems do not appear in the volumes.

Author: Anne Lohrli; © University of Toronto Press, 1973. 

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Military officer, prison administrator. Attended an academy in Knightsbridge; thereafter studied classics with clergyman. Served, 1812-1817, in Field Train Dept. of Royal Artillery in Peninsular War, in war with the U.S., and with Army of Occupation on the Continent. Late in 1818 enlisted in British Legion recruited in England on behalf of Bolivar; returned to England from South America in 1820. Did some journalistic work; began study for holy orders. In 1829 appointed governor of Middlesex House of Correction, Coldbath Fields; held governorship to 1854; instituted reforms that changed a viciously corrupt prison into a well-managed one. Author of A Narrative of Proceedings in Venezuela, 1820; Peace, War, and Adventure, 1853; Revelations of Prison Life, 1856.

Author: Anne Lohrli; © University of Toronto Press, 1973.

 

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Caroline Chisholm

30/5/1808 — N/A

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Philanthropist. Born in Northamptonshire. Lived in Madras, 1832-1838, where her husband, Captain Archibald Chisholm, was stationed; there established school for neglected children of soldiers. In Australia, 1838-1846; established Female Immigrants' Home in Sydney; conducted groups of immigrants into interior to find them suitable situations; established Registry Office for immigrant families. In England, 1846-1854; worked to make possible emigration of wives and children of liberated convicts then in Australia; established Family Colonization Loan Society to enable the poor to emigrate. Wrote pamphlets on emigration; obtained help of influential persons among them, Lord Ashley, M.P., and Sidney Herbert, M.P., in forwarding her projects. Supervised the sending out of emigrant ships. Again in Australia, 1854-1866; then returned to England. In 1867 granted Civil List pension of £100 a year "In consideration of the valuable and distinguished services rendered by her to emigrants in New South Wales (Colles, Literature and the Pension List).

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Critic, author. Received some years' schooling in Lancashire, but was early placed as clerk in mercantile office. Took advantage of opportunities for selfculture that offered; had great interest in music. Before he was twenty, began to contribute to annuals and minor periodicals. In 1834 settled in London and became member of Athenaeum staff. "Had I sought all the world over, I could not have found a situation more to my mind" (Autobiography, I, 98-99). Remained on staff for more than thirty years. Best known as Athenaeum's music critic, but was important as literary critic as well. Contributed also to other periodicals, e.g., London & Westminster Review, People's Journal, Howitt's Journal, Edinburgh Review. For a time edited Ladies' Companion. Author of The Lion: A Tale of the Coteries, 1839, and other novels; also dramas and libretti; Music and Manners in France and Germany, 1841, and other works on music. Compiled Memorials of Mrs. Hemans, 1836; edited selection of Mary RusseIl Mitford's letters.

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[?] Clark

N/A — N/A

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Not identified. According to his article, the contributor lived as a child in coal-mining district of England; at the time of writing had been at least sixteen years in India, apparently engaged in business; writes of his home and family as in Calcutta.

Author: Anne Lohrli; © University of Toronto Press, 1973.

Articles: 2 · Attachments: 0 · Links: 0 · Hits: 689

Not identified. 'The Home Office' and the two that follow constitute a series, each discussing a Government office—its history, function, administration, officials, etc. The second article gives footnote reference to the first. The articles are well written and clearly organized. They are obviously by one writer [Lohrli provides no external evidence to support this statement—DJO Ed.]. Payment for the contributions made by cheque.

Author: Anne Lohrli; © University of Toronto Press, 1973.

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W. H. Clarke

N/A — N/A

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Not identified. London directories of the 1850s list (aside from tradesmen named W. H. Clarke) the following: William Henry Clarke, Esq., accountant, Clement's Inn; William Henry Clarke, Esq., Eaton Place; William Henry Clarke, Esq. (listed also as Clark), North Brixton; William Henry Clarke, Esq. (listed in 1860 directory as William Hender Clarke), Islington; and William Hislop Clarke, Esq., barrister, with chambers in Lincoln's Inn. Payment for the first contribution made by cheque.

Author: Anne Lohrli; © University of Toronto Press, 1973.

 

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Mary Cowden Clarke

22/6/1809 — 12/1/1898

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Scholar and writer. Daughter of Vincent Novello, music publisher and prominent figure in British cultural life in the early nineteenth century. Sister to Clara Novello, the opera singer. Parents were part of a literary and artistic circle that included Leigh Hunt, John Keat, Mary Shelley, and Charles and Mary Lamb. Studied latin and poetry with Mary Lamb before being sent to school in Boulogne. From 1825-1826 was employed as a governess. In July 1828 married author Charles Cowden Clarke, whom she had met ten years earlier through mutual acquaintance Leigh Hunt. From 1856 lived almost exclusively in Italy.

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Daughter of Professor Joseph Anstice and wife of Lieutenant Colonel Henry Hugh Clifford. Only known publications are in All the Year Round.

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[?] Cobbe

N/A — N/A

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Not identified.  Payment for the contribution made by cheque.

Author: Anne Lohrli; © University of Toronto Press, 1973.

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Public Record Office clerk. Served as assistant commissioner of Great Exhibition, 1851; under his superintendence, in connection with Paris Exhibition, 1867, was issued The Imperial Paris Guide. Claimed to have originated "journalistic gossip" (Hatton, Journalistic London, p. 89). Author of Apsley House (verse), 1853, dated from Garrick Club. Editor of Memorials of Henry the Fifth, 1858.

 

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Alfred Whaley Cole

N/A — N/A

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Judge, Q.C. Born at Highbury, near London. Student at London University. For short time, clerk in office of his uncle, a London solicitor. Undecided as to career, embarked in 1841 on an emigrant ship bound for New Zealand; ship wrecked off coast of Cape Town. Stayed five years in Cape Colony, then returned to England. Admitted at Middle Temple, 1847; called to the bar, 1850. While waiting for briefs, turned to writing, but found writing hard to earn a living by. Sailed for Cape Town, 1856. Admitted advocate, Cape Colony bar; successful in private practice; appointed acting judge, later judge; Q.C., 1880; retired, 1891. At various times represented in Parliament four separate divisions of the Colony; was for many years Colonial Law lecturer. Died at Wynberg, near Cape Town. Best account of Cole is in South African Law Journal, February 1935. In early life contributed to Bentley's Miscellany and Sharpe's. Published The Cape and the Kafirs, 1852; Legends in Verse, 1855; two novels, and three books of tales and sketches. In Cape Colony was cofounder and for some years editor of Cape Monthly Magazine; for shorter time, editor of South African Magazine; contributed articles, also verse, to periodicals. His "Three Idylls of a Prince", written on occasion of Prince Alfred's first visit to the Cape, said to have "heartily amused" Queen Victoria and the Princess Royal. Published Reminiscences, 1896.

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H. Cole

N/A — N/A

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The contributor may be Henry (later Sir Henry) Cole, 1808-1882 (D.N.B.), welI-known public official, one of whose strong interests was music. As a young man Cole helped Thomas Love Peacock write critiques of musical performances. Later, he was instrumental in founding the National Training School for Music. He advocated an increase in congregational singing in churches and was successful in inducing church officials to institute week-day musical services. He hoped to make England again what she had once been—"a musical nation" where "people had their glees and madrigals, which contributed to the happiness of men and women" (Fifty Years of Public Work, I, 365ff; II, 357ff).

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Wilkie Collins

8/1/1824 — 23/9/1889

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Novelist. Attended a private school in Highbury. Admitted at Lincoln's Inn, 1846; called to the bar, 1851; interest lay in writing, rather than in law. First signed story appeared in Douglas Jerrold's Illuminated Magazine, 1843; later contributed to Bentley's Miscellany, Cornhill, Cassell's, Temple Bar, Belgravia, Canadian Monthly, and other periodicals. In 1848 published memoir of his father, WilIiam Collins the artist; in 1850, Antonina, the first of his some thirty works of fiction. Achieved fame as writer of sensation and detective novels; turned to writing propaganda novels; wrote also plays.

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Charles Allston Collins

25/1/1828 — 9/4/1873

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Painter, writer. Studied at Royal Academy schools; became associated with Pre-Raphaelite painters, but was not a member of the Brotherhood. Exhibited at Royal Academy. After 1857, devoted himself almost entirely to writing. Art critic for the Echo (Boase); contributed to Macmillan's, Cornhill. Author of A Cruise upon Wheels, three works of fiction, and two other books. Collins married Dickens's daughter Kate in 1860. Dickens liked Collins but he had misgivings about the marriage; he doubted that Kate really loved CoIlins, and he was concerned about Collins's ill health. Dickens's apprehensions about Kate's being left a young widow became, after some years, so ill concealed that, according to Charles Fechter, they aroused the resentment of Collins's brother Wilkie and led to an estrangement between Wilkie and Dickens (Adrian, "A Note on the Dickens-Collins Friendship", Huntington Library Quarterly, February 1953). In 1857 CoIlins had appeared in one of Dickens's presentations of The Frozen Deep; in 1862, when Dickens was thinking of a trip to Australia, on which he would take along as secretary some man of literary pretensions", he wondered whether Collins would be an appropriate choice (to Forster, October 22 1862). In 1869 Collins designed the Edwin Drood cover illustration, which Dickens liked very much; his ill health made impossible his carrying out his intention of drawing the illustrations for the book itself.

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Thomas Cooper

20/3/1805 — 15/7/1892

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Author, known as "Cooper the Chartist". Attended Bluecoat school, Gainsborough; thereafter educated himself by reading and study; called himself “the self-educated shoe-maker". For a time a schoolmaster, then newspaper writer. Became leader in Chartist agitation; arrested on charges of conspiracy and sedition; two years in Stafford gaol; released in 1845. Subsequently disassociated himself from Chartist activities. Lectured and wrote; became devout itinerant preacher. As reporter, editor-proprietor, and contributor, connected with various provincial newspapers; contributed, among London periodicals, to Douglas Jerrold's Weekly Newspaper, Howitt's Journal, the Reasoner; edited the Plain Speaker; brought out short-lived Cooper's Journal. Author of The Purgatory of Suicides, 1845; The Paradise of Martyrs, 1873; some prose fiction; The Life of Thomas Cooper, 1872. Published also sermons and some miscellaneous writings.

 

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