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Term Definition
Body text Main text of a given page of the magazine, usually shown in 2 columns. Follows after Masthead (on p. 1 of a magazine), between header and footer, and advertisements/announcements (on final page of a magazine).
Compositors The typesetters of Dickens’s journals – for most of the period in question – employed by Charles Whiting, Beaufort House, Strand (moving to Duke St., Lincoln’s inn Fields, c. 1868). They set up the proofs and final pages of the journal using ‘hot metal’/mechanical typesetting procedures.
Gutter Also known as an ‘alley.’ The blank space, in editorial design, at which two pages come together in a two-page spread. Because DJO has made its initial transcript from scanning copies of the bi-annual volumes of Dickens’s journals – bound books of over 600p ages each – there is quite a deep gutter in the mid-range of pages (100 – 500), which sometimes results in a lessening of accuracy in the reading of words that are near to the gutter.
JCE Editor ‘Joomla! Content Editor.’ The Content Management System, or CMS, employed by DJO, comes with its own web-page editor. It uses similar icons to many word-processing packages and other web editors. It has been customised by DJO to offer a simplified set of tools. If you find you are in need of extra facilities, please drop us a line.
Left justified Aligned to the far left-hand margin
Masthead UK usage: the title (normally in a large and distinctive font, together with a symbol, logo, or illustrative design) of a newspaper or magazine, printed at the top of the front page.
OCR = Optical Character Recognition. This is the digital encoding of printed or handwritten characters by means of an optical scanner and specialized software. The scanners and software often ‘misread’ text if the original material is of variable or poor printing quality. This is often the case with 19th-century newspapers – but we are fortunate that both the OCR employed for DJO and the original print quality of Dickens’s journals is high, relative to other similar projects.
Page image The digital photograph of the original magazine. These are uploaded to the DJO site in JPEG format, and can be re-sized by the user.
Recto The right-hand page of a book, reading (in many languages including English) from left to right, usually having an odd page number.
Transcript The digitised text derived from the page image by OCR. At present, it is displayed in DJO in XHTML mark-up, but it has features of XML coding, and can be exported into a variety of formats (an area of DJO that will receive greater attention in due course).
TTS rendition =This is the conversion of digital text into artificially-produced human speech sounds, using a speech synthesiser. DJO wants to allow all its primary content to be audible using up-to-date and innovative TTS rendition, and one important reason for patiently correcting the transcript is to allow this to be done as accurately and smoothly as possible.
Verso The left-hand page of a book, reading (in many languages including English) from left to right, usually having an even page number.

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